Sikkerhetshåndbok

9. Working procedures – Everyone

9.1 Lifting equipment

Operation control: the crane operator shall perform a visual
inspection of the lifting equipment before use. Equipment that has
faults and flaws should be discarded. Inspect that the equipment is
documented and approved for use

Choice and use: crane operators must choose lifting devices that are
suitable to the various types of lift and according to the operator
manual.

Storage: The lifting equipment must be stored in accordance with
the manual, and in such a way that it does not deteriorate or get
destroyed.

Documentation and labeling: All lifting equipment shall be marked
with visible labels and shall be provided with the Certificate of
conformity. Inspection paper/self-checking on lifting equipment. This
should be stored in a binder the crane.

When using lifting equipment other than our own, the crane operator
must ensure that the lifting equipment is approved for use. Use our
own lifting equipment as much as possible.

9.2 Maintenance


  • The engineer must keep order of all certificates/documents for
    machines and lifting equipment.

  • Make sure that the use and maintenance are performed
    according to the instructions in the manual.

  • Machine report shall be used to document this.

  • The crane operator is responsible for the machine being
    equipped with:
    - Fire extinguisher
    - First aid kit
    - Absorption kit
    - Valid certificate of the crane and lifting equipment
    - Index of chemicals
    - Vehicle registration certificate and relevant dispensations
    - Updated machine binder
    - Damage report form for vehicle


9.3 In the workshop


  • Get acquainted with the routines in the workshop before
    starting.

  • There are special procedures for risky tasks such as hot work,
    the use of compressed air and the use of gas.

  • Inform the workshop employees before the work starts.

  • Machines and equipment that belongs to the workshop may
    only be used after receiving information about how to use the equipment, the dangers and precautions, or documented training, or have the necessary certificate of competence (certified).


9.4 Work operations with increased risk

Tandem lifts

  • Before doing tandem lifts the total lift should be calculated and
    the SJA needs to be done.

  • A lift operation leader for the lift shall always be designated.

  • Tandem lifts always require both planning and guidance. A
    lifting leader need to take all the risks into account, including
    determination of weights and possible center of gravity.

  • The lifting capacity of the cranes shall be reduced by at least 15%, usually 20%, but shall be assessed on a case-by-case basis.

  • If local procedures or client requirements require further
    reduction of the lift capacity, then this requirement must be
    followed.

  • Take into account the structure of the load and the impact of
    the wind.


Work at height

Work at high height includes work at 2 meters or higher. Fall
accidents are one of the most common causes of serious accidents at
work. Therefore, we need to prevent this and can be done by using:

  • Scaffolding

  • A ladder that is securely fastened; ladders used for access must
    pass at least one meter above the upper level.

  • A lift

  • Fall protection harness; The harness must be attached to a
    suitable anchoring point which limits free fall of two meters.
    When using fall protection gear, there must always be at least
    one person in the vicinity who can warn and initiate a simple
    rescue in case of a fall so that the person is not risking a hinging
    trauma.


Lifting of gas cylinders

Lifting of gas cylinders leads to many dangerous situations and
accidents.

  • Gas cylinders (full and empty) must be treated with caution.
    They must not be thrown, rolled or subjected to severe impact.
    Any protective hood over the valves must be in place.

  • During transport, the cylinders must be placed and safely
    secured and fastened so that they cannot roll, collide with each
    other or fall.

  • Lifting of gas cylinders shall be carried out by lifting devices
    approved for this type of lifting.




Labeling of workplace

  • The workplace for the lift operation must often be cordoned off
    to prevent unauthorized persons from entering the work area.

  • The crane operator is responsible for cordoning off the area
    between the support legs.

  • Cordon off the area with physical obstacles such as barrier tape
    and/or chains for example.

  • On special occasions one must have a guard. Especially when
    rotating the crane top, hanging loads and loading/unloading as
    these are major hazardous situations.

  • Rotating yellow light is a standard equipment on a crane when
    you want to alert the surrounding area that crane work is in
    operation.

  • When working in the dark, ensure that the workplace is
    adequately illuminated, either with the crane's own work lights
    or with additional light sources.

  • Work on or along the road must be cordoned off according to instructions.

  • Employers doing roadworks must have the necessary training in roadwork.